Drugs. At first blush the word implies something illegal, immoral, and bad for your body and brain. However, there are 4 key drugs or chemicals that every leader should know about, use, and wisely leverage in the ministry and the workplace.
God wired our bodies and brains to use these four chemicals so that we function most effectively. And leaders who understand their function can help their teams become most productive. So, what are they and how can leaders use them?
First, a bird’s eye explanation. There are two basic kinds of these drugs or chemicals. Neurotransmitters traffic in our brain’s neurons (brain cells) and hormones flow through our blood. There there are over 100 neurotransmitters and over 50 hormones. Some act as both a hormone and a neurotransmitter.
But these four are significant body-brain chemicals that a leader’s actions can influence in the bodies and brains of those we lead.
- Dopamine: a neurotransmitter involved in attention and reward. When you learn something new or check something off your to-do list, dopamine gives you a nice pleasurable feeling.
- Serotonin: the neurotransmitter the brain releases when we feel pride in our work. When someone compliments you on a task you did or a talk you gave, that ‘feel good’ sense comes from serotonin.
- Oxytocin: the neurotransmitter/hormone called the trust hormone. When you feel safe and secure around another and feel that you belong, this chemical releases and also makes us feel good.
- Cortisol: called the stress hormone. We need this hormone to respond to the stresses in life. But when under prolonged stress, too much cortisol can damage our cardiovascular system, suppress our immune system, and diminish cognitive function like memory.
As a leader, you can leverage these chemicals in your teams in these positive ways.
- Dopamine (attention/reward)
- Help your team members set and reach realistic goals. When they do, they will get a nice dopamine burst which will motivate them to set and reach new goals.
- When you teach, model techniques that can help your team maintain attention and learn more effectively. Some of these techniques that can help the brain release dopamine (and increase attention) include novelty, using object lessons, adding pictures alongside words in power points, and helping the listener apply what they hear.
- Serotonin (affirmation)
- Look for and acknowledge good performance from team members.
- Know your team members well enough to know what communicates to them “job well done” (i.e. verbal, in writing, before the group).
- Oxytocin (trust)
- Provide ways for your team members to build community with each other.
- Spend relational time with your team simply to get to know them.
- Cortisol (stress management)
- While encouraging hard work, reinforce the Sabbath-keeping principle by making sure your team members take a day off to rest.
- Regularly monitor how well your team members manage their stress. If they are under long term stress, help them develop ways to decrease it.
What specific ways could you leverage these chemicals in your unique team environment?